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Fssai Registration

The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) is a legal authority that offers a food license to Food business operators (FBO) in India. All the FBOs are required to follow all the rules and regulations related to FSSAI for food quality control.
An FBO needs an FSSAI License or Registration and it all relies upon distinct factors like the size of production, managing nature of food business activities, and range of operations. In the FSSAI Registration process, the FBO will get a 14 digit number that needs to be printed on food packages.
FSSAI Registration ensures the security of food products and it is essentially a food safety certificate circulated by the food authority in India. All the manufacturers, traders, restaurants, grocery shops, importers and exporters, etc. are eligible for getting an FSSAI Licence. FSSAI Licensing assures that food products undergo certain quality checks, for the motive of decreasing the cases of adulteration, substandard products.

    Who Needs FSSAI Registration?

    ● Food business operators (FBO) like wholesalers, distributors, suppliers, retailers, food vending establishments, hawkers, clubs, canteens, Dhabas, hotels, restaurants, and storage facilities with an annual turnover of less than Rs.12 lakh, between Rs.12 Lakh- Rs.20 crores or more than Rs.20 crores.
    ● Small producers manufacturing by itself
    ● A substitute stall selling food products.
    ● Businesses involved in selling food at a social or a spiritual conference, other than a caterer.
    ● Cottage industries associated with food products
    ● Production or processing units of vegetable oil by the process of solvent extraction and refineries including oil expeller system. With a capacity to provide not more than 100 kg/litre per day (except milk or meat).
    ● Dairy units, involved in procurement/collection/handling/chilling of milk, having a capacity of not more than 500 litres per day, or up to 2.5 Metric Ton of milk solids annually.
    ● A slaughtering capacity of not more than 2 large animals or 10 small animals or 50 poultry birds per day.
    ● Production and processing units of vegetable oil by the process of solvent extraction and refineries including oil expeller unit. With a turnover within Rs. 12 lacs to Rs. 20 crores annually.
    ● Hotels of 4-star ratings or less or that have been rated 5-star or more.
    ● Storages having a capacity of less than 50,000 metric tonnes yearly or with a capacity of more than 50,000 metric tonnes.
    ● All food processing units including re-packers, with a daily capacity of not less than 100 kg/litre to up to 2 metric tonnes.
    ● 100 % export oriented units involved in food production or processing.
    ● Every Importer includes the import of food ingredients or additives.
    ● Caterers working under Central Government or related agencies such as Railways, Airlines and airport, Seaport, Defence, etc.
    ● All food processing units including re-packers and excluding the grains, pulses & cereals milling units with a capacity of over 2 metric tonnes per day.
    ● All. Food business operators (FBO) are involved in producing an item of food, additive or its ingredients using some new process or technology, and/or a combination thereof, whose safety has not been established yet by the FSSAI. Or they may not have a history of safe usage. It covers the food articles being introduced in the country, for the first time.

    ● ISO 8601 – Date and time format
    ● ISO 20121 – Sustainable events
    ● SO/IEC 27001 – Information security management

    Types of FSSAI Licence

    Businesses engaged in food activities are required to apply for a food license which can be of different types based on turnover, the scale of business, and the type of activity.
    The Types of FSSAI Food licenses are as follows:

    FSSAI Basic Registration

    The FSSAI registration is for food business operators (FBOs) who have small-sized businesses or start-ups. They have an annual turnover of less than Rs.12 lakh. Basic registration can be upgraded depending on your business sales graph productivity.

    FSSAI State license

    The State FSSAI License is for the FBOs which have medium-size businesses. They have an annual turnover of more than Rs.12 Lakhs or up to Rs.20 crores. The state license can be further upgraded to a central license, all depending on your business sale graph productivity.

    FSSAI Central license

    The Central FSSAI License is applicable for FBOs which have a large business annual turnover i.e. above Rs.20 crores. It is also required in cases where you need to supply at the government offices or import/export food products.

    Benefits of applying for FSSAI Registration

    In this age of information, the consumers have become more alert and informative about the quality of the food which they eat. With the number of diets and increasing healthy eating options, people are required to know as to what they are consuming is not just safe but is of really good quality. More so after the recent controversy with Maggi, are proving the consumers have started to take the food safety standard seriously. Thus, food is proving that they have the FSSAI license, which can give you an added advantage of a solid and an increase in the customer base.


    Most of the businesses identify getting an FSSAI license as an expensive, time consuming and inconvenient process of documentation, thus they try to avoid getting the license. But, in reality, the process is not so cumbersome and there are a lot of consultancies that can help you get the license with ease. The actual cost which is required to achieve the license is less than what you will have to pay for it as the penalties if you are caught. It is thus advisable for any businessman to firstly get the license before you can even officially open your business.


    Steps for getting the Food license

    One can file the FSSAI application directly with the government. The process is long and requires 60 days to get completed:

    Step 1 :

    Fill the FSSAI licensing registration form A on the FSSAI website and make the payment for the FSSAI application at the FBO which is nearby your locality.

    Step 2 :

    Once the payment confirmation is reflected in your FSSAI account, you need to file Form B with the government. Some multiple declarations and resolutions need to be filed with your application. E.g., board resolution, owner self-declaration. These declarations should ideally be prepared by a company secretary.

    Step 3 :

    You will then need to follow up with the government department for an update on your application. The government may send back your application for edits – if you fail to respond within 15 days of the application, then your application will be rejected.

    Step 4 :

    The government department will take 45-60 working days to completely review your application and approve the same. We get licenses issued in 98% of our cases and save our customers from all the government hassles. In certain situations, a customer might need to visit the Food department or pay additional fees to the inspector.

    Documents required to obtain FSSAI Food License

    1. Photo of Food Business Operator.
    2. Document for Identity Proof like Ration Card, Voter ID Card, PAN Card, Driving License, Passport, Aadhar Card, Senior Citizen Card, Department Issued ID.
    3. Form-B duly completed and signed (in duplicate) by the proprietor, partner or the authorised signatory.
    4. Blueprint or layout plan of the processing unit showing the dimensions in metres or square metres and operation-wise area allocation (mandatory for manufacturing and processing units only).
    5. List of directors, partners, executive members of society or trust with full address and contact details (mandatory for companies only)
    6. Name and list of equipment and machinery along with the number, installed capacity and horsepower used (mandatory for manufacturing and processing units only)
    7. Identity and address proof issued by Government authorities for proprietor, partner, director(s) or authorised signatory
    8. List of food categories desired to be manufactured. (In case of manufacturers)
    9. Authority letter with name and address, the responsible person, nominated by the manufacturer along with alternative responsible person indicating the powers vested with them viz assisting the officers in inspections, collection of samples, packing & dispatch (for manufacturers of processors)
    10. Analysis report (Chemical & Bacteriological) of water to be used as an ingredient in food from a recognized or public health laboratory to confirm the portability (mandatory only for manufacturing and processing units)
    11. Proof of possession of premises. (sale deed, rent agreement or electricity bill, etc.)
    12. Partnership deed, affidavit of proprietorship or Memorandum and Articles of Association towards the constitution of the firm. (optional)
    13. FSSAI Self-declaration for proprietorships
    14. A copy of the certificate obtained under Coop – 1861 or Multi-State Coop Act – 2002 in case of cooperatives
    15. NOC and copy of the license from the manufacturer (mandatory for relabelled and repackers only)
    16. Declaration and undertaking by Food Business Operator
    17. Source of milk or procurement plan for milk including the location of milk collection centres (in case of Milk and Milk Products processing).
    18. Sources of raw material for meat and meat processing plants.
    19. Pesticide residues report of water in case of units manufacturing packaged drinking water, packaged mineral water or carbonated water from a recognized public health laboratory.
    20. Recall plan wherever applicable.
    21. NOC from a municipality or local body.
    22. Form IX: Nomination of persons by a company along with the board resolution
    23. Certificate provided by the Ministry of Tourism.
    24. For transporters – Self-declaration of the number of vehicles.
    25. Declaration form – For Delhi or Himachal Pradesh
    26. Supporting Documents (if any):- NOC by Municipality or Panchayat, Health NOC.
    27. Food Safety Management System plan or certificate

    Validity of FSSAI Licence

    FSSAI license validity stretches from 1 to 5 years. According to the FSSAI rules, the food business operator is required to appeal for the renewal of the license in 30 days and it should be made before its expiry. Any FSSAI renewal application filed exceeding the expiry date is required to pay a late fee of Rs.100 per day for each day of delay. So, all food business operators need to track and assure that their FSSAI license is valid at any time.

    FSSAI Licence Number

    The FSSAI logo and FSSAI license number are always mentioned on the label of the food package in inverse colour to the background. In the case of various units, the manufacturer or packer, the FSSAI logo and license number of the brand owner must be mentioned on the label of the food package. The addresses of the various units on the label must carry the FSSAI license number. In the case of imported food products, the importer must show the FSSAI logo and FSSAI license number with the name and address of the importer. These may both be pre-printed on the label or attached by a sticker before customs clearance.

    FSSAI License Renewal

    The food license allotted has a validity of one year and can be increased to a maximum of 5 years by the food regulatory body. The moment license validity gets expired and the food business operator becomes liable for an FSSAI license renewal. The FSSAI renewal system is manageable and should be taken into account as soon as possible to avoid penalties. FSSAI has released guidelines that state that in 30 days and before the expiry of the license, the food safety registration has to be renewed.

    Non-Compliance of FSSAI Registration

    1. Form A or B, as required
    2. Declaration by the Proprietor or Director, that they will comply with the updated Rules and Regulations under FSSAI
    3. Photo ID proof of the Proprietor or Director
    4. FSSAI officials will check the details given in the application form. They might even visit and conduct an inquiry of the premises and examine the machinery & equipment. They will monitor the performance and validity of the Food Safety Management System, whether it has not become out-of-date. They will investigate whether the documents and details given in the form are official or not.

    If the FSSAI officials are satisfied with their inquiries. And see that the guidelines of the FSSAI are being adopted thoroughly. Your FSSAI License will get renewed. Again, the maximum period it would be valid for is 5 years.

    Non-Compliance of FSSAI Registration

    All Food Business Operators (FBOs) have to comply with the rules and regulations under the FSSAI. FSSAI holds a random investigation of the product. A Food Safety Official has the authority from FSSAI to inspect the working conditions along with the food handling techniques of the operators, associates, and staff.

    Thereafter, they determine a level, based upon how compliant the food business is, with the regulations set by the Food Authority, using a checklist. Based on the checklist, the Official registers a level for the FBO as:

    • Compliance (C),
    • Partial compliance (PC),
    • Non-compliance (NC), or
    • Not applicable/Not observed (NA).

    Additionally, the Food Official might issue an Improvement Notice, describing the areas or levels that need improvements. If the FBO fails to change these, within a specified time, a Show Cause Notice is sent.

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